Do you like Jasmine, I do and that’s why I am here to discuss how to get Maximum Bloom in Jasmine Plants?
Jasmine is a star shape fragrant white flower. It is popular in the perfume and fragrance industry. Jasmin belongs to the genus Jasminum. In the US we have deciduous and evergreen varieties of Jasmine. These flowers often bloom through late winter till summer. The blooming season and the plant structure may vary with location and the jasmine variety. Some jasmine varieties are vine type while others are bush-type plants. Despite all their difference, these flowers are always beautiful and fragrant.
Jasmine plants are hardy in USDA hardiness zone 6 through 9. Some jasmine varieties can survive in Zone 5 while a few others can grow well in zone 10 or 11. It is an easy-to-grow plant and maintenance is also very easy. These plants don’t require regular care although basic care can help in increasing the flowering season. If you are interested then keep reading.
Check out my previous post: How to Grow Asiatic Jasmine: Trachelospermum asiaticum
Is it Hard to get Blooms in Jasmine?
Sometimes it can be tiresome to get your jasmine plants blooming. They can become stubborn sometimes. It is not difficult to get blooms in jasmine plants especially if you took care of the basic needs.
These plants have some specific requirements. They can grow well in a variety of soil with varying nutrition levels. Therefore, Growing a healthy jasmine plant is not a big deal. In fact, these plants can become invaders in some gardens. There the vines can spread all across the available space without any bloom.
So the actual problem is to get maximum bloom in Jasmine plants. And this can be done with proper soil care. You should keep an eye on the sunlight with the moisture level and a little bit of plant care should be enough for blooming.
If you still find it difficult to bloom, then use flower promoter or Phosphorus and potassium-based fertilizers. You should avoid nitrogenous fertilizers if your jasmine plant is not blooming.
Precautions with Jasmine Plants To encourage Flowering
Jasmine is a wonderful flowering plant. It can add up beautiful green foliage to the edges or wall siding. The purple-green leaves are an attraction among other plants. Although these leaves can be toxic for pets and children, take care of them. The Start shape flowers are a bonus for your efforts. They appear each year through late winter till summer. the timing may vary, so don’t worry about that.
Now the main concern of this topic is that many new gardeners ignore the nature of jasmine plants before plantation. They either forget the plant requirements or believe that it’s enough for the plant. This results in invasive plant growth without any bloom. At last, you have to get rid of the invasive vines if they start damaging other garden plants.
Therefore take some precautions while planting a Jasmine plant. Have a look at the following list, it will help you to go through it.
- Choose a jasmine variety compatible with your zone. You can either choose a vine type or bush-type jasmine. I would recommend getting suggestions from local gardeners for the best one for your garden.
- Keep the plants clean and well-groomed so that they can never invade the garden area. This may require occasional running, probably once every month or two should be enough.
- Take care of proper sunlight, water, and fertilization for the jasmine plants. These plants can survive well without your help although a helping hand can increase the flowering in jasmine plants.
Read this: How Long Does It take to Grow Bamboo
Requirements for Jasmine Flower for best Bloom
Jasmine plants are a great addition to a beautiful garden. I like those fragrant white flowers, they attract every visitor including butterflies. The soothing color and plant fragrance can only happen if your jasmine plants bloom in time every year. Although this can be a little challenging for some gardeners.
If your jasmine plants are mature and still they are not blooming then we are here to help you. Don’t worry it can happen due to some easy-to-handle conditions. Check out the source of the problem and get maximum bloom in your jasmine plants. Keep reading we will guide you through every necessary step.
Soil condition is the first thing that affects a plant. Jasmine plants are resilient to a variety of soil types Although the quality and texture of the soil can affect the blooming. Therefore use healthy soil with high organic content and compost for jasmine plants.
You should be more careful with jasmine plants growing in containers. Container soil can dry out quickly and continuous watering can drain the nutrition level. You can amend the soil with extra compost, cocopeat, and perlite to increase moisture retention.
I use 30% garden soil, 30 % compost, 20% cocopeat, 10% sand, 5% Perlite and 5% NPK 20:20:20 for my jasmine plants. Every jasmine variety prefers healthy moist soil with good drainage. Soil with more water or organic content can increase foliage growth instead of blooming.
Many jasmine varieties can grow well in partial shade. They will thrive with beautiful purple-green foliage. Although these plants may not bloom in the shade. Jasmin plants require full sun throughout the day.
Proper sunlight for more than 6 hours is best for blooming in Jasmine plants. Therefore You should plant these jasmines in a bright spot where they can receive maximum sunlight. Container-grown jasmine plants should be placed near a bright window or on an open terrace for proper sunlight.
Lack of sunlight will not kill these plants instead it will increase heavy foliage growth. Eventually, this can turn the jasmine plant into an invasive intruder in the garden. In containers, plants will remain green and the same throughout the year without any flowers.
Check out: How to Grow Tuberose- Polianthes Tuberosa, Rajanigandha?
Proper watering is essential for blooming in Jasmine plants. Again these plants can survive short drought periods. Though prolonged drought or continuous watering is not good for any jasmine variety.
You should be careful with watering jasmine plants. Water only once or twice every week. Let the topsoil dry before the next spell. Deep watering is better than shallow watering for jasmine plants. Pour enough water to dampen the soil to 8 to 10 inches depth. In the container, the water should drain out from the bottom drainage hole.
Once done let the plant settle and observe it after a few days for dryness. Water again once the topsoil feels dry and rough. You can also till the topsoil once a month to aerate the area around the root ball. This can also help with better blooming in jasmine.
Use of Fertilizer & Feeding
Jasmine plants don’t require much fertilization. Once the plant settles in a location or container, it will keep growing until the available nutrition ends in the soil. Therefore if you want continuous growth then keep feeding these plants.
You can feed the jasmine plants once every month with an all-purpose fertilizer. Add a 2-inch layer of Compost on the top once in 3 months. Use liquid plant food for jasmine plants. Seaweed extract and NPK 10:30:20 can also encourage blooming in jasmine plants.
Use Phosphorus and potassium fertilizers to increase the blooming season. It can boost the flower size and fragrance. Always use chemical fertilizers with proper care, they can also harm the plant if overused.
Mulch the jasmine plants with wood bark or leaf mold early in summer. This will save essential moisture from increasing temperature.
Organic mulch will keep the root warm, moist, and well-fed for better blooming. Only 2-4 inch mulching is sufficient for mature jasmine plants. Don’t cover the foliage with mulch, especially in the case of vine-type jasmine.
Read this: What is the Best Mulch for Raised Bed Gardens?
Pruning & Deadheading
Manual deadheading is not very necessary for jasmine plants. Although you can look out for dead flowers during blooming season. It will keep the plant clean and free from pests. Cut down dead branches to keep the plant tidy.
Pinching the tips can be healful in giving the plant a healthy bushy appearance. More branches will produce more flowers, therefore, this is important. You can pinch off the branch tips once in 2 months and let the branch grow in the duration. Stop pinching at least 4 weeks before fall. This buffer time is essential for the plant to produce branches and new buds.
You can also prune the jasmine plant after summer when the flowering ends. Cut 20-30% of the plant and let it grow again till fall. Pruning can be tricky as late pruning can lead to no flowering in the season. On the other hand, early pruning may reduce blooming in the flowering season. So be precise with the timing for the flowering season. Wait for flowering to end then prune the jasmine plants.
Pest attacks can also damage the jasmine plant. A damaged jasmine plant may not bloom so take it seriously. jasmine plants are very hardy and they are not prone to any serious pest or disease. Although aphids, whitefly, and spider mites can damage the plants.
Thye usually attack plants with excess moisture on the foliage. So avoid overwatering and over-fertilization to prevent most pests and plant diseases in jasmine.
You can use soap water twice every week to get rid of these nasty bugs. Neem oil is also very useful in treating plant pests. Although you may not need neem oil as the jasmine plant is itself capable of treating many problems.
A pinch of any contact or systemic fungicide can ease your task by controlling the common soil-borne diseases. the use of chemical pesticides is not required especially for jasmine plants. If the problem exceeds then cut off the infected branch and treat the rest with neem oil. It is sufficient for keeping jasmine plants healthy and full of blooms.